Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Malaysian Federal Roads System

Malaysian Federal Roads System (MalaySistem Laluan Persekutuan Malaysia), is the main national road network in Malaysia. All Federal Roads in Malaysia are under the purview of Ministry of Works (MOW). According to Minister's Function Act 1969, MOW responsible to plan, build and maintain all Federal Roads gazetted under the Federal Road Act 1959. However, most of the Federal roads' projects was built and maintained by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) which are also one of the implementing agency under the MOW (with exception of Sabah and Sarawak, whereby JKR in these two states is under respective state government).


Most of the federal roads in Peninsular Malaysia were built during the British colonial era before 1957. At that time, the British government built the roads in order to enable them to transport goods and commodities easier.
In Sabah, most of the federal roads were built during the occupation of British North Borneo under North Borneo Chartered Companyadministration, and unlike most federal roads in Peninsular Malaysia which uses only numbers to label federal roads, Sabah federal road codes begin with the letter A followed by route number.
However, in Sarawak, no road network system was developed during the rule of White Rajah Brooke dynasty. As a result, right after Sarawak joined the federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963, the federal government of Malaysia began to build a road network system connecting Sarawak to Sabah, known as Pan Borneo Highway.

Federal road standards

Malaysian federal road shield


The total length of federal roads is 49,935 km (31,028 mi).
Federal routes are labeled with only numbers for example Federal Route Jkr-ft1.png while state routes are labeled with the state code letter followed by assigned numbers, for example Route J32Jkr-ft--.png is aJohor state road. However, federal route numbers can also be added with the prefix, which is normally used by JKR and Malaysian police. For example Federal Route Jkr-ft1.png can also be written as Federal Route Both federal and state roads have blue road signs and the text colour is white.
Most of the federal roads in Malaysia are 2-lane roads. Malaysia implements a right-hand driving system where drivers drive on the left side of the road. However, there are in certain places where additional lanes are available. In town areas, federal roads may become 4-lane roads to increase traffic capacity. In hilly areas, additional third climbing lane is available for slower vehicles such as buses and lorries.
Some federal roads may have motorcycle lanes. On Malaysian federal roads, the motorcycle lanes are placed at the extreme left side of each direction and only separated from the main lanes by black-and-white stripes to enable motorcyclists to overtake slower motorcycles and to turn right to exit the road.
Some expressways in Malaysia such as Federal Highway and Skudai Highway are federally funded, therefore all federally funded expressways are also classified as federal roads.
Nearly all federal roads are paved with typical tarmac except Skudai-Pontian Highway which is paved with concrete from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia interchange to Taman Sri Pulai junction and Sitiawan-Batak Rabit road (Federal route Jkr-ft5.png) from Sitiawan to Kota Setia. Meanwhile at Federal Highway linking Klang to Kuala Lumpur, the section of the highway from Subang Jaya to Kota Darul Ehsan near Petaling Jaya are paved with asphalt.
Sarawak has some of the most extensive federal road network in Malaysia. All federal roads in Sarawak is connecting main divisions with exception of Mukah division. As for Kapit division, the only federal road serving this division is Jalan Bakun (starting from KM 95 - KM 120). Coastal road of Bintulu-Miri is a still in dispute between federal government and state government right of maintenance. It is due to the construction is federal funded, but the compensation and acquisition of land are from Sarawak state government. No federal roads are isolated from the network unlike state roads. Uniquely in Sarawak, federal road network is adjoined internationally to Brunei highway atSungai Tujuh (Miri) with Kuala Belait (Brunei), Tedungan (Limbang) with Kuala Lurah (Brunei), Limbang with Puni (Brunei), Lawas with Labu (Brunei) and also to Indonesian road network at Tebedu (Serian district) with Entikong (Kalimantan BaratIndonesia).
Malaysian federal roads are subject to the rural highway standard adopted by Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR), ranging from R1 and R1a (minor roads at villages and FELDA settlements with no access control and low speed limits) to R5 (federal roads or highways with limited access control and speed limits up to 90 km/h). R6 standard is exclusive for high-speed (up to 110 km/h) expressways with full access control.

Type of federal roads and route number categories

ExamplesInformationNumber digits
Main federal route numbers001 - 249
Institutional facilities federal roads250 - 479
EXIT 226Federal road exit numbersEXIT 201 - EXIT 299
Main federal route numbers
1-1 - 1-59
3-1 - 3-99
Main federal route numbers
(Sabah; old numbering system)
A01 - A99
Main federal route numbers
700 - 799
FELDA/FELCRA federal route numbers1000 - 1999
2000 - 2999
Jkr-ft3214.pngIndustrial federal route numbers3000 - 3999

Main federal roads

Mostly found at Peninsula MalaysiaSabah and Sarawak.

FELDA/FELCRA federal roads

Mostly found at FELDA and FELCRA settlements in Peninsula Malaysia only. The road was built by FELDA or FELCRA and JKR.
In Sarawak, federal roads for FELDA is in Lundu and for SALCRA is in Sarikei.

Industrial federal roads

Mostly found at the industrial areas in Peninsula Malaysia only.
In Sarawak, there are two industrial federal roads, which are located at Pending Industrial Estate in Kuching and Kidurong Industrial Estate in Bintulu.

Institutional facilities federal roads

Mostly found at the entrance to the federal institutional facilities such as universitymilitary basessatelite earth stationsairportsTV andradio frequency stationstelecom exchange stationshospitals and tourist attractions.
For more information, please refer to Road signs in Malaysia articles or Malaysian Road Signs Information Brochure

Road design


StandardMax design
speed limit
lane width
Access controlApplication
JKR R61203.5FullExpressways under the administration of Malaysian Highway Authority (MHA)
JKR R51003.5PartialPrimary roads and partial access highways for the Federal JKR
JKR R4903.25PartialMain / secondary roads
JKR R3703.0PartialSecondary roads
JKR R2602.75NoneMinor roads

Note: JKR R2 is the minimum geometrical standard for 2-lane roads
JKR R140(5.0)*NoneSingle-lane minor roads (country lane)
JKR R1a40(4.5)*NoneSingle-lane roads (roads to restricted areas such as quarries)


StandardMax design
speed limit
lane width
Access controlApplication
JKR U61003.5FullExpressways under the administration of Malaysian Highway Authority (MHA)
JKR U5803.5PartialArterial roads and partial access municipal highways
JKR U4703.25PartialArterial / collector roads
JKR U3603.0PartialCollector roads / Local streets
JKR U2502.75NoneLocal streets

Note: JKR U2 is the minimum geometrical standard for 2-lane roads
JKR U140(5.0)*NoneSingle-lane street (in towns)
JKR U1a40(4.5)*NoneSingle-lane street (as in low-cost housing areas)
* - Total width of 2-way road

Malaysian federal roads as a part of Asian Highway Network

Asian Highway Network is an international project between Asian nations to develop their highway systems which will form the main routes in the Asian Highway network. There are 3 Asian Highway routes passing through Malaysia - Asian Highway Route 2 AH2 AH2Asian Highway Route 18 AH18 AH18 and Asian Highway Route 150 AH150 AH150.
The Malaysian section of Route AH2 AH2 consists of:-
The Malaysian section of Route AH18 AH18 consists of:-
The Malaysian section of Route AH150 AH150 consists of:-

Federal road maintenances

Before early 2000, the Malaysian federal roads were maintained by the Public Works Department. Beginning in 2000, the main contractors and maintenance company have the responsibility to maintain all federal roads in Malaysia.
Northern regionBelati Wangsa (M) Sdn Bhd
Central and east coast regionRoadcare (M) Sdn Bhd
Southern regionSelia Selenggara (M) Sdn Bhd; a subsidiary of the Ranhill Bersekutu (M) Sdn Bhd.
Federal Route Jkr-ft1.png is made by Selia Selanggara (M) Sdn BhdRoadcare (M) Sdn Bhd andRanhill Bersekutu (M) Sdn Bhd for Batu Pahat districts.
(including Federal Territory of Labuan)
Pembinaan Kekal Mewah Sdn Bhd
(Kuching, Samarahan, Sri Aman, Betong, Sarikei region)
PPES Works Sdn. Bhd; a subsidiary of the Cahya Mata Sarawak Berhad (CMSB) Group
(Sibu, Mukah, Bintulu region)
HCM Engineering Sdn. Bhd.; a subsidiary of the Protasco Berhad
(Miri, Limbang, Kapit region)
Endaya Construction Sdn. Bhd.; a subsidiary of the Encorp Properties Sdn. Bhd.


Speed limits

The default speed limit and National Speed Limits is 90 km/h (55 mph); however, a lower speed limit of 80 km/h (50 mph) has been implemented during festive seasons starting from the 2006 Hari Raya Aidilfitri as a preventive measure to reduce accidents during festive seasons. In town areas, the speed limit is reduced to 60 km/h (40 mph). Speed traps are also deployed by the Malaysian police at many places along the federal roads.

No comments:

Related Posts with Thumbnails